Characterising exotic matter driving wormholes
Dipartimento di Fisica Ettore Pancini, Università di Napoli Federico II, Complesso Univ. di Monte S. Angelo, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
2 INFN, Sezione di Napoli, Complesso Univ. Monte S. Angelo, I-80126, Napoli, Italy
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 11 March 2017
Published online: 12 April 2017
In this paper, we develop an iterative approach to span the whole set of exotic matter models able to drive a traversable wormhole. The method, based on a Taylor expansion of metric and stress-energy tensor components in a neighbourhood of the wormhole throat, reduces the Einstein equation to an infinite set of algebraic conditions, which can be satisfied order by order. The approach easily allows the implementation of further conditions linking the stress-energy tensor components among each other, like symmetry conditions or equations of state. The method is then applied to some relevant examples of exotic matter characterised by a constant energy density and that also show an isotropic behaviour in the stress-energy tensor or obeying to a quintessence-like equation of state.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2017