A computational study of entropy generation in magnetohydrodynamic flow and heat transfer over an unsteady stretching permeable sheet
Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan
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Revised: 4 December 2013
Accepted: 15 December 2013
Published online: 30 January 2014
The present article aims to investigate the entropy effects in magnetohydrodynamic flow and heat transfer over an unsteady permeable stretching surface. The time-dependent partial differential equations are converted into non-linear ordinary differential equations by suitable similarity transformations. The solutions of these equations are computed analytically by the Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM) then solved numerically by the MATLAB built-in routine. Comparison of the obtained results is made with the existing literature under limiting cases to validate our study. The effects of unsteadiness parameter, magnetic field parameter, suction/injection parameter, Prandtl number, group parameter and Reynolds number on flow and heat transfer characteristics are checked and analysed with the aid of graphs and tables. Moreover, the effects of these parameters on entropy generation number and Bejan number are also shown graphically. It is examined that the unsteadiness and presence of magnetic field augments the entropy production.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2014