Kinetic theory of spatially homogeneous systems with long-range interactions: III. Application to power law potentials, plasmas, stellar systems, and to the HMF model
Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (IRSAMC), CNRS and UPS, Université de Toulouse, F-31062, Toulouse, France
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Accepted: 26 April 2013
Published online: 29 October 2013
We apply the general results of the kinetic theory of systems with long-range interactions to particular systems of physical interest. We consider repulsive and attractive power law potentials of interaction with in a space of dimension d . For , strong collisions must be taken into account and the evolution of the system is governed by the Boltzmann equation or by a modified Landau equation; for , strong collisions are negligible and the evolution of the system is governed by the Lenard-Balescu equation. In the marginal case , we can use the Landau equation (with appropriately justified cut-offs) as a relevant approximation of the Boltzmann and Lenard-Balescu equations. The divergence at small scales that appears in the original Landau equation is regularized by the effect of strong collisions. In the case of repulsive interactions with a neutralizing background (e.g. plasmas), the divergence at large scales that appears in the original Landau equation is regularized by collective effects accounting for Debye shielding. In the case of attractive interactions (e.g. gravity), it is regularized by the spatial inhomogeneity of the system and its finite extent. We provide explicit analytical expressions of the diffusion and friction coefficients, and of the relaxation time, depending on the value of the exponent and on the dimension of space d . We treat in a unified framework the case of Coulombian plasmas and stellar systems in various dimensions of space, and the case of the attractive and repulsive HMF models.
© Società Italiana di Fisica and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2013